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19th century marital duties
Women have always worn skirts until pants became a sign of a new female ideology. Dresses stuffed with crinoline, undergarmentless, and fixed into corsets to achieve the perfect bust, and waist. Young girls trained to trim their waists at puberty so that corseting would not be too much of a fuss. Clothes were restricting, there was no doubt about it, but so was the traditional institution of marriage. Now you might be thinking this is all about feminism, but it is not.
In general, being an old maid was not something that was socially acceptable. Mostly because older women were a burden on society, and their own families otherwise. They had to be taken in, and fed, clothed. So many young girls were taught this was not a favorable outcome. Don't try to be an old maid-therefore try to get married. The more money that the suitor had the better, or in most cases the older and more settled in some way the better.
Marriage was the lot of a woman, and once there they were responsible for the angelic home with an air of perfect domesticity. To further ensure that women staid the way they were supposed to be, doctor's stated that too much study caused infertility or other ovary disorders. Families were afraid to further their children's education out of the home, afraid of the repercussions that their daughters might suffer. Surely ideas like infertility, societal black sheep labels, and even old maid curses.
Were the men chaste upon marriage? It was not common! They hired prostitutes, and some towns even put out guides to help men find a "Cyprian Beauty" or something of that ilk.
Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell only felt that men were a sixth her equal
After moving from Bristol, England Elizabeth Blackwell found that she needed money, her family needed money and starting a school with her sister would help feed the family of nine. Then medicine began to fascinate her, and she was admitted to medical school. The acceptance of a woman to the Geneva medical school in 1847 was surely a joke to the professors and fellow students. Blackwell attended but they barred her from discovery class. She graduated first in her class, drawing a crowd of over 20,000 to attend this amazing show.
Blackwell then moved to Paris to study in the maternity wards there. It was then, after caring for a baby she came down with purulent ophthalma. It made her blind, and now unable to become a surgeon. When she returned to America, hospital after hospital rejected her. Finding NY to be inhospitable she opened a dispensary in the poorest, slums of NYC.
She worked with German immigrants at this time. She described them as "destitute, suffering from hunger..." She, her sister and a faithful friend offered loans and free healthcare.
When asked about marring herself, she decided it was a disservice to be both a physician and a wife. She gives many reasons, including a dirty house, chaotic practice, and more.
Ahh, winter a time to relish in the fact that the spiders, ticks, millipedes, and creepy crawlies have vanished from this earth for a time. But, have they? Absolutely not, they are living with you. In fact, bugs have already found their way into your house for the winter and you don't even know it! There are literally hundreds of bugs in any home and if you wear shoes, have cracks and crevices that are open to the outside, or even leave your door open for a short time-they all have come in already!
Crickets are hiding in your damp basement, spiders are still spinning away in the abandoned corridors and crevices of your living space and yes even if you are cleaning all the time they are still going to be there. Researchers from North Carolina have even stated that a 100 species of bugs in your house are still a very conservative number, they can't account for other species.
There are some places that bugs tend to hang out more than others. For instance carpeted areas are more tantalizing than hardwood floors. There are many people who after reading this are going to run out and grab bug spray or lysol and go crazy cleaning. However, that's only going to unleash chemicals into your home, and in the short and long term can be damaging for your health and your families. Bugs have been carried with human beings from the dawn of time-and they aren't going anywhere soon. Scientists do advise that pests like cockroaches and poisonous spiders should be eliminated.
The moral is the bugs are there, you just can't see them. Plus, what's in your wall? Imagination take flight!
these bugs are in your house
Exterminators have united, and researchers looked into it-these are the bugs that can be found in your home.
DOn't do this!
Recently, I decided to take a gander into my husbands genealogy. I love history. I found out something interesting. He is a Macdonell (Macdonald) of the Antrim line. They owned castles all over the Western edge of Scotland. They also went to Ireland as well, where they had another castle.
The men of Dunlace Castle were known as the MacDonnell's of Antrim. They considered themselves and are considered Scots while living in Northern Ireland. The castle is a national Irish treasure. While there are many interesting stories surrounding the castle one of particular interest in the commandeering of spanish cannons from a shipwreck. The Spanish ship Girona smashed upon the rocky crags that sit near the castle.
Unable to resist pilfering, the MacDonnells took all they could from the shipwreck. They placed the cannons at their gatehouse. The rest of the goods were sold to restore Dunlace castle. They were able to restore it, and then one day the British came. While they were speaking about reparations someone mentioned that they needed those cannons back. The MacDonnells refused that. Then it came to blows and in true 17th century fashion the head of the governor was hacked off and sent to the Irish clan of O'Neils. It was a nice gift, and the O'Neils decided to use it as a ball.
Let me repeat that:
They used his HEAD as a ball!!
Outlander fan understand that not only is it neccesary to read, and reread all of Diana Gabladon's books-but dressing the part also makes you even more of a diehard fan. Perusing the net, you can see tons of ideas for free patterns to make your own, and Hot Topic's awesome season 3 clothing line. Hot Topic sells a lot of fandom accessoires, but wearing this will make you feel better about not going through the standing stones and still waiting for your Jaimie to happen.
A herringbone tweed coat like Claire's from Outlander goes for $108.00 on Hottopic.com.
Or you can get a 1940s shirt dress in regular and plus sizes!!!!! So cool, I mean how many places have these clothes with a mod twist? I have to buy it all!!! Well, I'd like to.
Get this: they have Claire's party dress from season 2!
These dresses and clothes are definitely a must have for any fan. I've looked and looked for a line that is premade. There are a lot of patterns and DIY ideas out there, but this one is nice because it's done for you! Look for a post wearing these in the future!
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